Orthodontics, which is one of the branches of dentistry, is the science that diagnoses, controls and treats dental crookness, split teeth, overlapping teeth and their relations with each other, their aesthetic and functional conditions. This branch of science, which allows the teeth to reach an aesthetic and functional harmony with the jaw, also prevents the formation of irreversible damages such as dental caries, gum diseases and tooth loss.
What is Orthodontics?
The word orthodontics consists of the Greek words ortho (straight) and odons (tooth). Orthodontics is a specialty of Dentistry that deals with the proper placement of teeth on the dental bones and the diagnosis and treatment of facial irregularities.
Who is an orthodontist?
An orthodontist is a dentist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. To become an orthodontist, one must first graduate from the faculty of dentistry. Then it is necessary to complete a specialization or doctoral program lasting four to six years. Make sure your doctor is an orthodontist.
Why should I get orthodontic treatment?
Crooked teeth are difficult to clean. Poor closure can cause abrasions on the tooth surfaces, difficulties in functions such as chewing and speaking, and excessive stress on the bone and gingival structures that support the teeth. If left untreated, many problems may become more serious over time and may require more complicated treatment in the future.
In addition to these, having a beautiful smile helps people feel good while increasing their self-confidence. Everyone has the right to be happy.
Who can receive orthodontic treatment?
In the past, the opinion that orthodontic treatment was only for children was dominant. Today, approximately thirty percent of orthodontic patients are adults. A healthy closure is just as important at age 60 as at age 16. Age is not a criterion to be evaluated for orthodontic treatment. Healthy teeth can be moved at any age.
When should children undergo orthodontic control for the first time?
AAO (American Association of Orthodontics) recommends that children undergo an orthodontic control before the age of 7. At this age, the orthodontist/orthodontist can detect problems in jaw and tooth development while the child has milk teeth in his mouth. Early detection of the abnormality is important because some orthodontic problems are easier to treat when diagnosed early. The probability of complicated and costly treatment may decrease in the future. Active treatment of most orthodontic patients begins between the ages of 9-14. Skeletal disorders can be resolved before the child’s growth period ends.
Especially the 8-10 age range is very important for orthodontists. At these ages, which are very important in terms of growth and development stages, serious problems such as asymmetric facial development and jaw joint problems can be prevented by correcting the jaw relations.
Every mother and father; should visit an orthodontist for with their children when they are 6 or 7 years old.
• If your child is breathing through their mouth and has adenoid problem,
• If your child has used a teat for a long time,
• If your child has a habit of thumb sucking
• If your child has a cleft lip-palate problem
• If a missing tooth is detected or If your child has received a hard blow to the jaw,
• If the lower or upper jaw is too far/forward in any relatives,
• If the condition known as toothiness is observed (because when children with very protruding upper front teeth fall, the probability of breaking their front teeth is very high.),
• If premature milk tooth extraction was performed for any reason,
• Every child who is thought to have crooked teeth should be taken to an orthodontist for examination.
What can be eaten with brackets used in fixed orthodontic treatment?
Eating is more difficult than it used to be for the first few days after braces are put on. The chewing motion can be painful. While there is this sensitivity in the teeth, soft foods that do not require much chewing are recommended. Foods such as ice cream, yogurt, pudding, soup, boiled potatoes, bananas, soft cheeses, soft cakes, milk are recommended for comfortable chewing. Not only after the first session in which the brackets are attached, but also as long as the brackets are in the mouth, the orthodontic patient has to pay attention to his diet. Otherwise, bracket fracture will occur, which will prolong the treatment period.
Foods to be avoided during treatment:
• Crispy foods: popcorn, ice, chips, etc.
• Sticky foods: caramel, gum, etc.
• Hard foods: nuts, candy, etc.
• Foods consumed by biting: apple, plum, carrot, wrap etc.
• In addition, biting any hard object (back of pencil, nails) other than food will also damage the brackets.
Orthodontic treatment with clear aligners:
Invisalign treatment is a wireless orthodontic treatment method that is used to straighten your teeth with clear aligners, which are digital orthodontic treatment technology and made for your teeth. In our clinic, orthodontic treatment is applied with transparent plaques.